Lunar Orbiter 1 takes the first photograph of Earth 1966
The Lunar Orbiter 1 robotic spacecraft, part of NASA’s Lunar Orbiter program, was the first American spacecraft to orbit the Moon. It was designed primarily to photograph smooth areas of the lunar surface for selection and verification of safe landing sites for the Surveyor and Apollo missions.
The Lunar Orbiter 1 robotic spacecraft took the first ever image of Earth from the distance of the Moon, August 23, 1966. This probe took a second such image on August 25.
A total of 42 high-resolution and 187 medium-resolution frames were taken and transmitted to Earth covering more than 5 million square kilometres of the Moon’s surface, accomplishing about 75% of the intended mission.
Extra Note: The Lunar Orbiter 1 orbited the moon 577 times.
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