The first man made object to reach the Moon 1959
Luna 2 (Russian: Луна 2), originally named the Second Soviet Cosmic Rocket and nicknamed Lunik 2 in contemporaneous media, was the sixth of the Soviet Union’s Luna programme spacecraft launched to the Moon.
The spacecraft was launched on 12 September 1959 by the Luna 8K72 s/n I1-7B rocket; it followed a direct path to the Moon.
On 13 September 1959, it impacted the Moon’s surface east of Mare Imbrium near the craters Aristides, Archimedes, and Autolycus and impacting on the Moon at about 3.3 kilometres per second (7,400 mph).
It was the first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon, and the first human-made object to make contact with another celestial body.
Extra Note: In addition to the radio transmitters sending telemetry information back to Earth, the spacecraft released a sodium gas cloud so the spacecraft’s movement could be visually observed.
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