1797 – André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump
André-Jacques Garnerin (31 January, 1769 – 18 August, 1823) was a French balloonist and the inventor of the frameless parachute.
Garnerin, a student of the ballooning pioneer professor Jacques Charles, was involved with the flight of hot air balloons, and worked with his older brother Jean-Baptiste-Olivier Garnerin (1766–1849) in most of his ballooning activities.
Garnerin began experiments with early parachutes based on umbrella-shaped devices and carried out the first frameless parachute descent (in a the gondola) with a silk parachute on 22nd October, 1797 at Parc Monceau, Paris.
The umbrella was closed before he ascended, with a pole running down its center and a rope running through a tube in the pole, which connected it to the balloon.
Garnerin rode in a basket attached to the bottom of the parachute; at a height of approximately 3,000 feet (1,000 m) he severed the rope that connected his parachute to the balloon. The balloon continued skyward while Garnerin, with his basket and parachute, floated to the ground.
Extar Note: Although the public and press were in favour, he was forced to appear in front of officials of the Central Bureau of Police to justify his project.
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