1972 – Apollo 17 becomes the sixth and final Apollo mission to land on the Moon
Apollo 17 was the final Moon landing mission of NASA’s Apollo program, and remains the most recent time humans have travelled beyond low Earth orbit.
Its crew consisted of Commander Eugene Cernan, Lunar Module Pilot Harrison Schmitt, and Command Module Pilot Ronald Evans, and it carried a biological experiment containing five mice.
After separating from the CSM, the LM Challenger and its crew of two, Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt, adjusted their orbit and began preparations for the descent to Taurus-Littrow.
The first lunar excursion began four hours after landing, at 6:54 p.m. EST on the 11th December, 1972.
While Cernan and Schmitt prepared for landing, Command Module Pilot Ron Evans remained in orbit to take observations, perform experiments and await the return of his crew-mates a few days later.
The mission broke several crewed spaceflight records: the longest Moon landing, longest total extravehicular activities (moonwalks), largest lunar sample, longest time in lunar orbit, and, at 75, most lunar orbits.
Extra Note: Apollo 17 was the first mission to have no one on board who had been a test pilot.
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