1923 – The first autogyro flight
Juan de la Cierva y Codorníu, 1st Count of la Cierva (Spanish pronunciation: 21 September 1895 in Murcia, Spain – 9 December 1936 in Croydon, United Kingdom) was a Spanish civil engineer, pilot and aeronautical engineer.
His most famous accomplishment was the invention in 1920 of the first helicopter called Autogiro, a single-rotor type of aircraft that came to be called autogyro in the English language.
On 9th January, 1923, after four years of experimentation, De la Cierva developed the articulated rotor, which resulted in the world’s first successful flight of a stable rotary-wing aircraft, with his C.4 prototype.
Extra Note: De la Cierva’s work on rotor dynamics and control made possible the modern helicopter, whose development as a practical means of flight had been prevented by these problems.
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