1639 – The “Fundamental Orders”, the first written constitution
The Fundamental Orders were adopted by the Connecticut Colony council on January 14, 1639 O.S. (January 24, 1639 N.S.).
The Orders have the features of a written constitution and are considered by one author to be the first written Constitution in the Western tradition. Thus, Connecticut earned its nickname of The Constitution State.
The fundamental orders describe the government set up by the Connecticut River towns, setting its structure and powers.
They wanted the government to have access to the open ocean for trading.
Extra Note: The Mayflower Compact has an equal claim 19 years before, however, this Order gave men more voting rights and made more men eligible to run for elected positions.
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