27 BCE – Beginning of the Roman Empire
Caesar Augustus (23 September 63 BC – 19 August AD 14) was the first Roman emperor, reigning from 27 BC until his death in AD 14.
Following his 31 BC defeat of Mark Antony and Cleopatra, partly on his own insistence, on 16 January 27 BC the Roman Senate granted him the additional name “Augustus”, marking the beginning of the Roman Empire..
Augustus is from the Latin word Augere (meaning to increase) and can be translated as “the illustrious one”.
His status as the founder of the Roman Principate (the first phase of the Roman Empire) has consolidated an enduring legacy as one of the most effective and controversial leaders in human history.
Extra Note: The reign of Augustus initiated an era of relative peace known as the Pax Romana.
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