1836 – Samuel Colt is granted a United States patent for his revolver firearm
Samuel Colt (July 19, 1814 – January 10, 1862) was an American inventor, industrialist and businessman who established Colt’s Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company (now Colt’s Manufacturing Company) and made the mass production of revolvers commercially viable.
During 1835, Samuel Colt traveled to the United Kingdom, much as did Elisha Collier, a Bostonian who had patented a revolving flintlock there that achieved great popularity.
Despite the reluctance of English officials to issue a patent to Colt, no fault could be found with the gun and he was issued his first patent (Number 6909).
Upon his return to America, he applied for his U.S. patent for a “revolving gun”; he was granted the patent on February 25, 1836 (later numbered 9430X).
Colt’s manufacturing methods were sophisticated and his use of interchangeable parts helped him become one of the first to use the assembly line efficiently.
Business affairs improved rapidly after 1847, when the Texas Rangers ordered 1,000 revolvers during the American war with Mexico.
Later, his firearms were used widely during the settling of the western frontier. Colt died in 1862 as one of the wealthiest men in America.
Extra Note: His innovative use of art, celebrity endorsements, and corporate gifts to promote his wares made him a pioneer of advertising, product placement and mass marketing.
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