1825 – The last successful Caribbean pirate is captured by authorities
Roberto Cofresí (Kupferschein) y Ramírez de Arellano Segarra (June 17, 1791 – March 29, 1825), better known as El Pirata Cofresí, was a pirate from Puerto Rico.
He was born into a noble family, but the political and economic difficulties faced by the island as a colony of the Spanish Empire during the Latin American wars of independence meant that his household was poor so he became a pirate.
Cofresí proved too much for local authorities, who accepted international help to capture the pirate, and Spain created an alliance with the West Indies Squadron and the Danish government of Saint Thomas to capture him.
He commanded several small-draft vessels, the best known a fast six-gun sloop named Anne, and he had a preference for speed and manoeuvrability over firepower.
He never confessed to murder, but he reportedly boasted about his crimes, and 300 to 400 people died as a result of his pillaging, mostly foreigners.
On March 5, 1825, the alliance set a trap which forced Anne into a naval battle. After 45 minutes, Cofresí abandoned his ship and escaped overland.
He was recognized by a resident who ambushed and injured him, Cofresí was captured and imprisoned, making a last unsuccessful attempt to escape by trying to bribe an official with part of a hidden stash. Extra Note: At the height of his career, Cofresí evaded capture by vessels from Spain, Gran Colombia, the United Kingdom, Denmark, France, and the United States.
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