1900 – A large cache of clay tablets with hieroglyphic are discovered
On the 5th of April Archaeologists in Knossos, Crete, discover a large cache of clay tablets with hieroglyphic writing in a script they call Linear B.
Knossos is the largest Bronze Age archaeological site on Crete and has been called Europe’s oldest city which settled as early as the Neolithic period, the name Knossos survives from ancient Greek references to the major city of Crete.
In the Ancient Near East, clay tablets were used as a writing medium, especially for writing in cuneiform, throughout the Bronze Age and well into the Iron Age.
Cuneiform characters were imprinted on a wet clay tablet with a stylus often made of reed (reed pen).
Once written upon, many tablets were dried in the sun or air, remaining fragile. Later, these unfired clay tablets could be soaked in water and recycled into new clean tablets.
Other tablets, once written, were fired in hot kilns or inadvertently, when buildings were burnt down by accident or during conflict, making them hard and durable.
Extra Note: Tablets were used as labels, with the impression of the side of a wicker basket on the back, and tablets showing yearly summaries, suggest a sophisticated accounting system.
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